Flowering Perennials

Bee Balm

Common Name: Bee Balm

Scientific Name: Monarda didyma

Sun: Full-Partial

Moisture: Average

Height: 3-4 feet

Notes:  Edible leaves; flowers attract butterflies, hummingbirds

Black Eyed Susan

Common Name: Black Eyed Susan

Scientific Name: Rudbeckia hirta

Sun: Full

Moisture: Average to Dry

Height: 2-3 feet

Notes: 2-4" flower heads with 10-20 bright yellow petals

Bloodroot

Common Name: Bloodroot

Scientific Name: Sanguinaria canadensis

Sun: Shade

Moisture: Average

Height: 6-10 inches

Notes: 2" white flowers with yellow centers; roots have red sap

Blue Cohosh

Common Name: Blue Cohosh

Scientific Name: Cauloph. thalictroides

Sun: Part Sun to Shade

Moisture: Average

Height: 1-2 feet

Notes: small yellow flowers, blue berries in grape-like clusters

Blue Phlox

Common Name: Blue Phlox

Scientific Name: Phlox divaracata

Sun: Full to Part Sun

Moisture: Average

Height: 10-20 inches

Notes: Covered with 1.5" lavender to pink flowers in spring

Blue Wood Violet

Common Name: Blue Wood Violet

Scientific Name: Viola papilionacea

Sun: Part Sun to Shade

Moisture: Average

Height: 6-10 inches

Notes: Purple violet blooms in spring; spreads readily

Brown Eyed Susan

Common Name: Brown Eyed Susan

Scientific Name: Rudbeckia triloba

Sun: Full to Part Sun

Moisture: Average

Height: 2-3 feet

Notes: Hundreds of small deep gold daisy-like flowers

Bugbane

Common Name: Bugbane

Scientific Name: Cimifuga racemosa

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 3-8 feet

Notes: Long slender candle-like clusters of white flowers

Butterfly Weed

Common Name: Butterfly Weed

Scientific Name: Asclepia tuberosa

Sun: full

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 2-3 feet

Notes: Brilliant orange flowers; butterfly host plant

Celadine Poppy

Common Name: Celadine Poppy

Scientific Name: Stylophorum diphyllum

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 18 inches

Notes: 2 inch wide lemon-yellow flowers

Common Milkweed

Common Name:  Common Milkweed

Scientific Name: Asclepia syriaca

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 2-4 feet

Notes: Pink clusters of fragrant flowers; food of larval Monarch

Doll's Eyes

Common Name: Doll's Eyes

Scientific Name: Actea pachypoda

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1-2.5 feet

Notes: Small bright white flowers; poisonous white berries

Dutchman's Breeches

Common Name: Dutchman's Breeches

Scientific Name: Dicentra cucullaria

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1 foot

Notes: White & yellow flowers resemble a pair of pantaloons

Dwarf Crested Iris

Common Name: Dwarf Crested Iris

Scientific Name: Iris cristata

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 4-8 inches

Notes: Pale lavender-blue crested flowers April-May

Flowering Spurge

Common Name: Flowering Spurge

Scientific Name: Euphorbia corolatta

Sun: full

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 2-4 feet

Notes: "Baby's breath of the Prairie" blooms in August

Foam Flower

Common Name: Foam Flower

Scientific Name: Tiarella cordifolia

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 6-12 inches

Notes: Evergreen ground cover; feathery white flowers April-June

Ginger

Common Name: Ginger

Scientific Name: Asarum canadense

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 6 inches

Notes: Evergreen ground cover; glossy heart-shaped leaves

Goat's Beard

Common Name: Goat's Beard

Scientific Name: Aruncus dioicus

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 4-6 feet

Notes: 6-10 inch plumes of small cream-colored flowers

Great Blue Lobelia

Common Name: Great Blue Lobelia

Scientific Name: Lobelia siphilitica

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: wet

Height: 1-3 feet

Notes: Elongated cluster of pale to dark blue flowers late sum

Ironweed

Common Name: Ironweed

Scientific Name: Vernonia noveboracensis

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: wet

Height: 4-6 feet

Notes: Purple flowers attract butterflies in summer

Jack-In-The-Pulpit

Common Name: Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Scientific Name: Arisaema triphyllum

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 12+ inches

Notes: Spathe appears March-May; red berries late summer-fall

Jacob's Ladder

Common Name: Jacob's Ladder

Scientific Name: Polemonium reptans

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1 foot

Notes: Terminal clusters of light blue, bell-shaped flowers April

Jerusalem Artichoke

Common Name: Jerusalem Artichoke

Scientific Name: Helianthus tuberosus

Sun: full to part shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 7 feet

Notes: Attracts butterflies

Joe-pye-weed

Common Name: Joe-Pye-Weed

Scientific Name: Eupatorium fistulosa

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 5-8 feet

Notes: Purplish-pink flowers explode attracting butterflies

Marsh Marigold

Common Name: Marsh Marigold

Scientific Name: Caltha palustris

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 1-2 feet

Notes: 1-1.5 inch bright yellow flowers in spring & summer

New England Aster

Common Name: New England Aster

Scientific Name: Aster novae-angliae

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 3-7 feet

Notes: Bright lavender flowers with yellow centers late summer-fall

Queen of the Prairie

Common Name: Queen of the Prairie

Scientific Name: Fillipendula rubra

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 4-5 feet

Notes: Show-stopping large pink plumes in June-July

Sedum

Common Name: Sedum

Scientific Name: Sedum ternatum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 2-4 inches

Notes: Fleshy evergreen foliage; white star-like flowers spring

Shooting Star

Common Name: Shooting Star

Scientific Name: Dodecatheon meadia

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 1-2 feet

Notes: Delicate white/pink petals, red & yellow center

Solomon's Seal

Common Name: Solomon's Seal

Scientific Name: Polygonatum biflorum

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 18-30 inches

Notes: Small creamy white to green bells hang from leaf axis

Spiked Gayfeather

Common Name: Spiked Gayfeather

Scientific Name: Liatris spicata

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 2-5 feet

Notes: Bright pinkish-purple stalks of interesting flowers August

St. John's Wort

Common Name: St. John's Wort

Scientific Name: Hypericum perforatum

Sun: full to shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 1-4 feet

Notes: 3 inches yellow flowers; dark green foliage (ground cover)

Sweetflag

Common Name: Sweetflag

Scientific Name: Acorus americanus

Sun: full

Moisture: wet

Height: 1-3 feet

Notes: This grass is a nice vertical long-leaf garden feature

Trillium

Common Name: Trillium

Scientific Name: Trillium

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 6-12 inches

Notes: White/pink flowers have 3 broad petals, spring bloom

Turtlehead

Common Name: Turtlehead

Scientific Name: Chelone glabra

Sun: full to part shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1-3 feet

Notes: White to pink 1-1.5inch flowers summer into fall

Virginia Blue Bells

Common Name: Virginia Blue Bells

Scientific Name: Mertensia virginica

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 12-24 inches

Notes: Pink flower buds open to sky blue March-April

White Boneset

Common Name: White Boneset

Scientific Name: Eupatorium perfoliatum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 2-4 feet

Notes: Flat-top clusters of small white flowers in fall

White False Indigo

Common Name: White False Indigo

Scientific Name: Baptesia lactea

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 3-5 feet

Notes: Vivid stalks of white flowers grow rapidly