Flowering Perennials

Bee Balm

Common Name: Bee Balm

Scientific Name: Monarda didyma

Sun: Full-Partial

Moisture: Average

Height: 3-4 feet

Notes:  Edible leaves; flowers attract butterflies, hummingbirds

Black Eyed Susan

Common Name: Black Eyed Susan

Scientific Name: Rudbeckia hirta

Sun: Full

Moisture: Average to Dry

Height: 2-3 feet

Notes: 2-4" flower heads with 10-20 bright yellow petals

Bloodroot

Common Name: Bloodroot

Scientific Name: Sanguinaria canadensis

Sun: Shade

Moisture: Average

Height: 6-10 inches

Notes: 2" white flowers with yellow centers; roots have red sap

Blue Cohosh

Common Name: Blue Cohosh

Scientific Name: Cauloph. thalictroides

Sun: Part Sun to Shade

Moisture: Average

Height: 1-2 feet

Notes: small yellow flowers, blue berries in grape-like clusters

Blue Phlox

Common Name: Blue Phlox

Scientific Name: Phlox divaracata

Sun: Full to Part Sun

Moisture: Average

Height: 10-20 inches

Notes: Covered with 1.5" lavender to pink flowers in spring

Blue Wood Violet

Common Name: Blue Wood Violet

Scientific Name: Viola papilionacea

Sun: Part Sun to Shade

Moisture: Average

Height: 6-10 inches

Notes: Purple violet blooms in spring; spreads readily

Brown Eyed Susan

Common Name: Brown Eyed Susan

Scientific Name: Rudbeckia triloba

Sun: Full to Part Sun

Moisture: Average

Height: 2-3 feet

Notes: Hundreds of small deep gold daisy-like flowers

Bugbane

Common Name: Bugbane

Scientific Name: Cimifuga racemosa

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 3-8 feet

Notes: Long slender candle-like clusters of white flowers

Butterfly Weed

Common Name: Butterfly Weed

Scientific Name: Asclepia tuberosa

Sun: full

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 2-3 feet

Notes: Brilliant orange flowers; butterfly host plant

Celadine Poppy

Common Name: Celadine Poppy

Scientific Name: Stylophorum diphyllum

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 18 inches

Notes: 2 inch wide lemon-yellow flowers

Common Milkweed

Common Name:  Common Milkweed

Scientific Name: Asclepia syriaca

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 2-4 feet

Notes: Pink clusters of fragrant flowers; food of larval Monarch

Doll's Eyes

Common Name: Doll's Eyes

Scientific Name: Actea pachypoda

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1-2.5 feet

Notes: Small bright white flowers; poisonous white berries

Dutchman's Breeches

Common Name: Dutchman's Breeches

Scientific Name: Dicentra cucullaria

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1 foot

Notes: White & yellow flowers resemble a pair of pantaloons

Dwarf Crested Iris

Common Name: Dwarf Crested Iris

Scientific Name: Iris cristata

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 4-8 inches

Notes: Pale lavender-blue crested flowers April-May

Flowering Spurge

Common Name: Flowering Spurge

Scientific Name: Euphorbia corolatta

Sun: full

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 2-4 feet

Notes: "Baby's breath of the Prairie" blooms in August

Foam Flower

Common Name: Foam Flower

Scientific Name: Tiarella cordifolia

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 6-12 inches

Notes: Evergreen ground cover; feathery white flowers April-June

Ginger

Common Name: Ginger

Scientific Name: Asarum canadense

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 6 inches

Notes: Evergreen ground cover; glossy heart-shaped leaves

Goat's Beard

Common Name: Goat's Beard

Scientific Name: Aruncus dioicus

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 4-6 feet

Notes: 6-10 inch plumes of small cream-colored flowers

Great Blue Lobelia

Common Name: Great Blue Lobelia

Scientific Name: Lobelia siphilitica

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: wet

Height: 1-3 feet

Notes: Elongated cluster of pale to dark blue flowers late sum

Ironweed

Common Name: Ironweed

Scientific Name: Vernonia noveboracensis

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: wet

Height: 4-6 feet

Notes: Purple flowers attract butterflies in summer

Jack-In-The-Pulpit

Common Name: Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Scientific Name: Arisaema triphyllum

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 12+ inches

Notes: Spathe appears March-May; red berries late summer-fall

Jacob's Ladder

Common Name: Jacob's Ladder

Scientific Name: Polemonium reptans

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1 foot

Notes: Terminal clusters of light blue, bell-shaped flowers April

Jerusalem Artichoke

Common Name: Jerusalem Artichoke

Scientific Name: Helianthus tuberosus

Sun: full to part shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 7 feet

Notes: Attracts butterflies

Joe-pye-weed

Common Name: Joe-Pye-Weed

Scientific Name: Eupatorium fistulosa

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 5-8 feet

Notes: Purplish-pink flowers explode attracting butterflies

Marsh Marigold

Common Name: Marsh Marigold

Scientific Name: Caltha palustris

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 1-2 feet

Notes: 1-1.5 inch bright yellow flowers in spring & summer

New England Aster

Common Name: New England Aster

Scientific Name: Aster novae-angliae

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 3-7 feet

Notes: Bright lavender flowers with yellow centers late summer-fall

Queen of the Prairie

Common Name: Queen of the Prairie

Scientific Name: Fillipendula rubra

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 4-5 feet

Notes: Show-stopping large pink plumes in June-July

Sedum

Common Name: Sedum

Scientific Name: Sedum ternatum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 2-4 inches

Notes: Fleshy evergreen foliage; white star-like flowers spring

Shooting Star

Common Name: Shooting Star

Scientific Name: Dodecatheon meadia

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 1-2 feet

Notes: Delicate white/pink petals, red & yellow center

Solomon's Seal

Common Name: Solomon's Seal

Scientific Name: Polygonatum biflorum

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 18-30 inches

Notes: Small creamy white to green bells hang from leaf axis

Spiked Gayfeather

Common Name: Spiked Gayfeather

Scientific Name: Liatris spicata

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 2-5 feet

Notes: Bright pinkish-purple stalks of interesting flowers August

St. John's Wort

Common Name: St. John's Wort

Scientific Name: Hypericum perforatum

Sun: full to shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 1-4 feet

Notes: 3 inches yellow flowers; dark green foliage (ground cover)

Sweetflag

Common Name: Sweetflag

Scientific Name: Acorus americanus

Sun: full

Moisture: wet

Height: 1-3 feet

Notes: This grass is a nice vertical long-leaf garden feature

Trillium

Common Name: Trillium

Scientific Name: Trillium

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 6-12 inches

Notes: White/pink flowers have 3 broad petals, spring bloom

Turtlehead

Common Name: Turtlehead

Scientific Name: Chelone glabra

Sun: full to part shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1-3 feet

Notes: White to pink 1-1.5inch flowers summer into fall

Virginia Blue Bells

Common Name: Virginia Blue Bells

Scientific Name: Mertensia virginica

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 12-24 inches

Notes: Pink flower buds open to sky blue March-April

White Boneset

Common Name: White Boneset

Scientific Name: Eupatorium perfoliatum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 2-4 feet

Notes: Flat-top clusters of small white flowers in fall

White False Indigo

Common Name: White False Indigo

Scientific Name: Baptesia lactea

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 3-5 feet

Notes: Vivid stalks of white flowers grow rapidly

White Yarrow

Common Name: White Yarrow

Scientific Name: Achillea millifolium

Sun: full

Moisture: dry

Height: 8 inches to 5 feet

Notes: 2-6 inch clusters of pink, white or yellow flowers June & September

Wild Columbine

Common Name: Wild Columbine

Scientific Name: Aquilegia canadensis

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 1-2.5 feet

Notes: Unique red & yellow flowers attract hummingbirds

Wild Geranium

Common Name: Wild Geranium

Scientific Name: Geranium maculatum

Sun: full to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 1-2 feet

Notes: 1 inch lavender-purple flowers in spring

Yellow Loosestrife

Common Name: Yellow Loosestrife

Scientific Name: lysmachia punctata

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 3 feet

Notes: Leaves & yellow star flowers in whorls up the stems June

Yellow Root

Common Name: Yellow Root

Scientific Name: Xanthorhiz. simplicissima

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 2 feet

Notes: Plum-colored flowers (spring); orange & purple fall color

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Trees

American Hemlock

Common Name: American Hemlock

Scientific Name: Tsuga canadensis

Sun: Full to Shade

Moisture: Average

Height: 40-60 feet

Notes: Evergreen with pendulous look; intolerant of drought

American Holly

Common Name: American Holly

Scientific Name: Ilex opaca

Sun: Full to Part Sun

Moisture: Average to Dry

Height: 20-40 feet

Notes: To ensure fruit one male is needed per 2-3 females

American Hornbeam

Common Name: American Hornbeam

Scientific Name: Carpinus carolineana

Sun: Part Sun to Shade

Moisture: Wet to Average

Height: 20-30 feet

Notes: Good street tree; yellow, orange, scarlet fall color

Black Gum

Common Name: Black Gum

Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica

Sun: Full

Moisture: Average to Dry

Height: 30-60 feet

Notes: Scarlet red autumn color

Black Willow

Common Name:  Black Willow

Scientific Name: Salix nigra

Sun: Full to Part Sun

Moisture: Average to Wet

Height: 50 feet and up

Notes: Host plant for butterflies

Eastern White Pine

Common Name:  Eastern White Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus strobus

Sun: Full

Moisture: Average

Height: 50-80 feet

Notes: Bluish-green evergreen needles

Fringe Tree

Common Name: Fringe Tree

Scientific Name: Chionanthus virginicus

Sun: Full to Part Sun

Moisture: Average to Wet

Height: 15-20 feet

Notes: Wispy clusters of white flowers appear in late spring

Green Ash

Common Name:  Green Ash

Scientific Name: Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 50-60 feet

Notes: Grows fast; yellow fall color

Ohio Buckeye

Common Name: Ohio Buckeye

Scientific Name: Aesculus glabra

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 30-50 feet

Notes: Yellow flowers; yellow/orange fall color; abundant nuts

Paw Paw

Common Name: Paw Paw

Scientific Name: Asimina triloba

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 40 feet

Notes: Unique fruit resembles & tastes like bananas

Pin Oak

Common Name: Pin Oak

Scientific Name: Quercus palustris

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 60-80 feet

Notes: Russett, bronze, red fall color

Redbud

Common Name: Redbud

Scientific Name: Cersis canadensis

Sun: full to shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 20 to 30 feet

Notes: In April clusters of rosy pink flowers line branches

River Birch

Common Name: River Birch

Scientific Name: Betula nigra

Sun: full

Moisture: average to wet

Height:  40-70 feet

Notes: Modest yellow fall color; seed attracts birds

Shadblow

Common Name: Shadblow

Scientific Name: Amelanchier canadensis

Sun: full

Moisture: dry

Height: 1-20 feet

Notes: White flowers bloom in early spring; edible fruit

Silver Maple

Common Name: Silver Maple

Scientific Name: Acer saccharinum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 60-75 feet

Notes: Lacy leaves with a white bloom on the underside

Sourwood

Common Name: Sourwood

Scientific Name: Oxyodendrum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 30 feet

Notes: Drooping fragrant white flowers; pink/red fall color

Spindletree

Common Name: Spindletree

Scientific Name: Euonymus atropurpureus

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 8-12 feet

Notes: Small purplish flowers become red fruit; red fall color

Sweetgum

Common Name: Sweetgum

Scientific Name: Liquidambar styraciflua

Sun: full

Moisture: wet to average

Height: 60-85 feet

Notes: Brilliant scarlet-red, red-purple fall color

Tulip Poplar

Common Name: Tulip Poplar

Scientific Name: Liriodendron tulipfera

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 70-90 feet

Notes: Large tulip-like flowers are yellow, green & orange

Yellowwood

Common Name: Yellowwood

Scientific Name: Cledrastris lutea

Sun: full

Moisture: average

Height: 30-50 feet

Notes: Clusters of fragrant white flowers; yellow fall color

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Ferns

Christmas Fern

Common Name: Christmas Fern

Scientific Name: Polystickum acrostichoides

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 12-36 inches

Notes: Stiff deep green fronds are once-pinnate

Cinnamon Fern

Common Name: Cinnamon Fern

Scientific Name: Osmunda cinnamomea

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 24-48 inches

Notes: Circular cluster of arching fronds; brown fertile fronds

Goldie Fern

Common Name: Goldie Fern

Scientific Name: Dryopteris goldiana

Sun: shade

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 2-3 inches

Notes: Large, vigorous, attractive fern with bright green fronds

Lady Fern

Common Name: Lady Fern

Scientific Name: Athyrium felix-femina

Sun: shade

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 18-24 inches

Notes: Delicate & lacy arching fronds; dark red stems at maturity

Leatherwood Fern

Common Name:  Leatherwood Fern

Scientific Name: Dryopteris marginalis

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 2-3 feet

Notes: Dark green leathery-looking evergreen fern

Maidenhair Fern

Common Name:  Maidenhair Fern

Scientific Name: Adianthum pedatum

Sun: shade

Moisture: average

Height: 18-36 inches

Notes: Fan-shaped blue-green fronds; delicate black stems

Royal Fernee

Common Name: Royal Fern

Scientific Name: Osmunda regalis

Sun: part sun

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 2-6 feet

Notes: Bi-pinnate blade; pinnae resemble locust tree leaves

Sensitive Fern

Common Name: Sensitive Fern

Scientific Name: Onoclea sensibillis

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to wet

Height: 12-24 inches

Notes: Deeply pinnate leaves; poisonous to livestock

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Shrubs

American Cranberry

Common Name: American Cranberry

Scientific Name: Viburnum trilobum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture:  average to wet

Height: 8-12 feet

Notes:  White flowers & edible, bright red fruit attracts birds

Bayberry

Common Name: Bayberry

Scientific Name: Myrica pennsylvanica

Sun: full

Moisture: dry to wet

Height: 5-8 feet

Notes: Semi-evergreen; transplants well

Black Chokeberry

Common Name: Black Chokeberry

Scientific Name: Aronia melanocarpus

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: dry to wet

Height: 3-5 feet

Notes: Dependable showy orange, burgundy, purple fall color

Blackhaw

Common Name: Blackhaw

Scientific Name: Viburnum prunifolium

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 8-15 feet

Notes: Creamy white flowers in spring

Buttonbush

Common Name:  Buttonbush

Scientific Name: Cephalanthus occidentalis

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: wet to average

Height: 3-8 feet

Notes: Golf-ball like flowers hang and attract butterflies

Clove Bush

Common Name:  Clove Bush

Scientific Name: Ribes odoratum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average

Height: 6-12 feet

Notes: Yellow flowers with strong clove scent; birds eat berries

Elderberry

Common Name: Elderberry

Scientific Name: Sambucus canadensis

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture:  wet to average

Height: 5-10 feet

Notes: Pinnate leaves; blooms early summer

Maple Leaf Viburnum

Common Name: Maple Leaf Viburnum

Scientific Name: Viburnum acerifolium

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 6 feet

Notes: Pie-shaped clusters of white flowers; beautiful fall color

Nannyberry

Common Name: Nannyberry

Scientific Name: Viburnum lentago

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 18 feet

Notes: White flat-topped clusters up to 5" across in May

Northern Arrowwood

Common Name: Northern Arrowwood

Scientific Name: Viburnum dentatum

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: dry to average

Height: 5-9 feet

Notes: Flowers May-Jun; small blue-black berries in fall

Red Chokeberry

Common Name: Red Chokeberry

Scientific Name: Aronia arbutifolia

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: wet to dry

Height: 5-10 feet

Notes: Brilliant red fruit; striking scarlet to orange fall color

Spicebush

Common Name: Spicebush

Scientific Name: Lindera benzoin

Sun: part sun to shade

Moisture: wet to average

Height: 8-15 feet

Notes: Yellow blooms in early spring

Sweet Pepperbush

Common Name: Sweet Pepperbush

Scientific Name: Clethra alnifolia

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: wet to average

Height: 2-4 feet

Notes: Ivory white fragrant blooms in summer

Sweet Shrub

Common Name: Sweet Shrub

Scientific Name: Calycanthus floridus

Sun: full to shade

Moisture: average

Height: 6-10 feet

Notes: Interesting red or maroon strawberry-scented flowers

Sweetspire

Common Name: Sweetspire

Scientific Name: Itea virginica

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: wet to dry

Height: 3-6 feet

Notes: White blooms in early summer; red & orange fall color

Wild Hydrangea

Common Name: Wild Hydrangea

Scientific Name: Hydrangea arborescens

Sun: part sun to full

Moisture: average

Height: 36 inches to 5 feet

Notes: Large clusters of creamy white flowers bloom in June

Winterberry

Common Name: Winterberry

Scientific Name: Ilex verticillata

Sun: full to part sun

Moisture: wet to average

Height: 6-10 feet

Notes: Greenish-white flowers bloom in early spring

Witch Hazel

Common Name: Witch Hazel

Scientific Name: Hamamelis virginica

Sun: full to shade

Moisture: average to dry

Height: 8-20 feet

Notes: Golden yellow flowers in fall

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